The protein source varies among different types of infant formula.

How does the government regulate infant formula?

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  • The NTP used a five-level scale in its conclusions to characterize the likelihood of an adverse human health effect resulting from exposure to a substance or chemical — in this case soy infant formula. The concern levels range from highest to lowest.

    The NTP and the expert panel used a five-level scale to express their conclusions. The conclusions characterize the likelihood of an adverse human health effect resulting from exposure to a substance or chemical — in this case soy infant formula. The concern levels range from highest to lowest.

  • (Reuters) - The Chinese government will tighten rules again on makers of infant formula to promote the use of breast feeding, state media said on Tues...

    Many aspects of infant formula use are unknown, including what percent of infants are exclusively fed formula compared to what percent are fed a mixture of infant formula and breast milk. It is also unknown what proportion of formula-fed infants are exclusively fed soy formula.

    Table 1—Estimated Annual Third-Party Disclosure Burden1 Back to Top
    21 CFR section Number of respondents Number of disclosures per respondent Total annual disclosures Average burden per disclosure Total hours Total capital cost
    1There are no operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.
    § 107.10(a)(2)—Nutrient labeling for infant formula 1 46 46 0.5 (30 minutes) 23 $792,439

  • Dates Events
    1867 A formula containing wheat flour, cow's milk, malt flour, and potassium bicarbonate was developed.[98]
    1915 A powder form of infant formula was introduced, containing cow's milk, lactose, oleo oils, and vegetable oils.[98]
    1929 Soy formula was introduced.[98]
    1935 Protein was added because it was believed cow's milk protein content was lower than human milk protein content; protein at 3.3–4.0 g/100 kcal was added.[98]
    1959 Iron fortification was introduced because a large amount of iron (~80%) is used to expand the red blood cell mass in a growing infant. Infants with birth weights between 1500 and 2500g require 2 mg/kg of iron per day. Infants with weights of less than 1500g require 4 mg/kg per day.[98][99]
    1962 The whey:casein ratio was made similar to human milk because producers were aware that human milk contains a higher ratio of whey protein, and cow's milk contains a higher ratio of casein.[98]
    1984 Taurine fortification was introduced because newborn infants lack the enzymes needed to convert and form taurine.[98][100]
    Late 1990 Nucleotide fortification was introduced into infant formula because nucleotides can act as growth factors and may enhance the infant immune system.[98]
    Early 2000 Polyunsaturated fatty acid fortification was introduced. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA), were added because those fatty acids play an important role in infant brain development.[98]

    You can see how the strategy to expand its consumer base would sound good to Nestlé's investors. But wait a minute -- the company is blatantly marketing its products like bottled tap water and infant formula to the people who can least afford them?

Third-Party Disclosure Requirements for Selenium in Infant Formula

Guidelines for infant formulas and normal infant feeding based on human breast milk are available from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).