Rays are related to sharks and are also fish. They also have cartilage instead of bones. They look like flattened fish with eyes on top of their heads, gills underneath their bodies, and a long tail. Some rays like to live alone, but most of them live in large groups with other rays. Some kinds of rays have spines on their tails that have poison, which they use to stun or kill their prey. Some rays eat sort of like baleen whales - they filter small pieces of food out of the water. Like most ocean animals, their size can vary a lot. Some kinds of rays are tiny and some are really big. The largest rays are manta rays and can grow to be over 20 feet wide!
Make an ocean animals word wheel using this 2-page print-out; it consists of a base page together with a wheel that spins around. When you spin the wheel, eight ocean animals appear one at a time: spider, crab, sea anemone, seahorse, whale, squid, starfish, sponge, octopus, shark, jellyfish, clam, lobster, crab, and sea anemone. The student then writes down the word wheel ocean animals -- in alphabetical order.
Not all sharks are large. Some only grow up to 7 inches long. However, most kinds of sharks grow to about 5-7 feet long, which is about the same height as an average adult. Not all sharks are dangerous to humans, either. There are over 350 kinds of sharks, but only about 25 of those have ever been known to attack humans. When sharks do attack people, it is probably because they mistake people for seals or other large ocean animals that they would like to eat. It is hard for them to tell what's what from below the surface of the water.
Whales, dolphins, porpoises, walruses, manatees, dugongs, seals, and sea otters are all mammals that live in the ocean. Some, like seals and sea otters, can also live on land, but they spend most of their time underwater. These animals have lungs, are warm-blooded, give birth to live babies (they don't lay eggs) and nurse their babies, but they live in salt water instead of on dry land like most mammals. Since they have lungs, they need to breathe air instead of just getting oxygen from the water like fish and other ocean animals can. Instead of breathing air through their mouth or nose like we do though, a whale or dolphin uses a special hole on the back of its head called a blow hole to get air from above the surface of the water. Then it dives back down into the water and swims around for a few minutes before it needs to come up to breathe again. When it does, it breathes out the air through the blow hole and then breathes in more air so it can go back under the water again. When the air goes out of the blow hole, there is usually some water that squirts out with it, making a little spray at the surface (like the killer whale in the picture). Marine mammals also have some fur or hair, but sometimes it falls out by they time they become adults.
|Ocean Animals in German - Label
Label the sea animals in German.
|Ocean Animals in HebrewLabel Me! Printout
Label the sea animals in Hebrew.
|Ocean Animals in Portuguese
Label the shark, whale, fish, seahorse, starfish, crab, jellyfish, shrimp, lobster, and octopus in Portuguese.
|Ocean Animals in Spanish Printout
Many ocean animals in Spanish.